By Merlin Francis.
Many women are entering the workforce thanks to changing perceptions on gender roles and improved access to education. But this is not necessarily reflected in senior management or leadership positions in organisations across the world.
The scenario is worse in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Despite having a significant number of graduates, women’s participation in the STEM workforce is a mere 14% in India. These numbers decline further as we go higher up the hierarchy as various pressures and circumstances force women to drop out at the mid-management levels.
According to the Egon…
By Arjun Shanker.
The ongoing deliberations around the newly introduced farm laws have redrawn the nation’s focus on farmer-centric issues. Following suit, Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a slew of pro-agrarian measures in the Union Budget, including an agri-credit enhancement to the tune of INR 16.5 lakh crore — highest till date. This move is expected to spur better inputs and cutting-edge technology, making farming less labour-intensive.
What ails agri-credit?
India’s institutional agri-credit witnessed its watershed moment between 1970 and 1980, post the nationalisation of banks that brought in two significant credit lending schemes — Lead Bank Scheme (for…
By Dr Jai Asundi.
Like most of us, Finance Minister, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, turned to technology in COVID times, to present the first paperless budget in India’s history. Indeed, it set the mood for what was to come. The promise of a digital 16th Indian census, smart metering for electricity distribution companies, and proposals for installing an indigenously-developed automatic train protection system to boost passenger safety — there were ample instances of technology in motion.
The Budget went on to tick some significant boxes in the areas of health, urban water and sanitation, non-conventional energy sources, etc.
Health and Wellbeing…
By Energy & Power Team, CSTEP.
One of the focal points of the Union Budget 2021–22 is the potential of renewable energy — especially solar energy — in reviving the economy. The measures suggested in the Budget could lead to higher indigenisation in the solar energy infrastructure. The Indian solar industry is heavily dependent on Chinese imports at the moment and the emphasis on indigenisation could provide the much-needed thrust to local manufacturers.
The move to increase duties on solar cell/module-related imports will be welcomed by the indigenous manufacturing industry; however, it is worthwhile to note that this…
By Dr Pratima Singh.
Air pollution is one of the biggest threats staring India squarely in the face. A slew of measures to effectively tackle this menace were expected from Budget 2021–22. The budget, however, turned out to be a mixed bag, with more misses than hits as far as India’s fight against air pollution is concerned.
Let us first get the positives out of the way:
By Dr Indu K Murthy.
The Union Budget 2021–22 is a clear plan to bring the economy back on track. But, the current pandemic should have paved the way for a new approach to economic development — one that prioritised environment, ecosystems, and green infrastructure.
With growing loss to life and infrastructure as a result of natural disasters, and India being ranked 7th by the Global Climate Risk Index 2021 — a reflection on the poor preparedness to deal with climate reality, focussed budget to climate adaptation was expected. …
By Anantha Lakshmi Paladugula.
The phenomenal rise in personal vehicle use, especially in urban areas, during the pandemic is bound to have serious environmental implications. States and UTs should, therefore, consider implementing the Motor Vehicle Aggregator Guidelines 2020, especially the sections that deal with the aggregation of non-transport vehicles (personal vehicles) and ride pooling. Until now, various state transport departments have been opposing the move to allow aggregators to integrate non-transport vehicles and offer ride pooling as they have not been complying with the existing aggregator rules or motor vehicle acts in these states.
However, given the current situation and…
By Sreerekha Pillai.
This article is the fourth in CSTEP’s Enrich series of blogs where we discuss what happens in a think tank beyond research. Read our previous articles on models for informed decision making, design thinking, and on editing at a think tank. In this article, our Chief Editor takes a light-hearted look at the Quality Control process, where the twain — left brain and right brain — meet.
Who said the Theory of Evolution is limited only to biological species? Language too evolves. In fact, Darwinian linguistics is a specific branch of linguistics, named after the father of…
By Arshiya Bhutani, CSTEP.
Flexibility in the grid is paramount for India to meet its renewable energy (RE) ambitions — 450 GW by 2050 as announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2019. Energy storage systems can enable this flexibility.
Energy storage systems are the next step in India’s transition to an RE-dominant future. Although high carbon-emitting thermal energy sources such as coal and petroleum make up a majority of India’s energy production, India has set ambitious RE goals — aiming to make RE 80% of its energy mix. Achieving these goals can help India cut its carbon emissions significantly…
By Roshna N and Dr Indu K Murthy.
Nineteen extreme weather events in 2019 claimed 1,357 lives, with heavy rain and floods accounting for 63% of deaths in India.
Between 2013 and 2019, there has been a 69% increase in the number of heatwave days. Many Indian states are increasingly experiencing extreme weather events such as heavy rainfall, heat waves, and super cyclones. These are projected to increase even further in the future. These changes in India’s climate will be an additional stress to ecosystems, agricultural outputs, and freshwater resources, and could also damage the infrastructure.
Depending on topography and…